What is Dry Mouth?

What is Dry Mouth?

Have you ever felt the uncomfortable feeling of a parched mouth? If you have xerostomia, your salivary glands don't make an appropriate amount of saliva.

Xerostomia, more commonly known as dry mouth, is a condition that requires treatment to get rid of your symptoms. If you're tired of having a dry mouth, the Loudoun Family and Cosmetic Dentistry team is here to help.

Our team is led by Dr. Haidy Messih and Dr. Basma Armanious, both experienced in general and cosmetic dentistry. They offer cutting-edge treatments for various conditions if you require expert dental treatment.

What causes dry mouth?

A dry mouth in the morning isn't something you need to worry about. However, if your dry mouth continues throughout the day, you may have an issue with your salivary glands.

Chronic dry mouth is called xerostomia. You can get this condition from a variety of causes, such as:

Certain medications

Medications such as anti-anxiety drugs and high blood pressure medications are known to have dry mouth as a side effect. Antidepressants, antihistamines, and cancer treatments can also lead to a dry mouth.


Smoking cigarettes or marijuana contributes to decreased saliva production. Over time, you may notice you have a chronically dry mouth.


As you get older, having a dry mouth is not uncommon. It can come on for various reasons, including the medications you take and health conditions that are more common in older age.

Chronic health issues

Health conditions also play a role in dry mouth. Diabetes, autoimmune disorders, and cystic fibrosis can all lead to decreased saliva and a dry mouth.


If you snore with your mouth open, you can worsen your existing dry mouth. When your mouth is open, it causes your saliva to evaporate quicker than usual, leading to a drier mouth.


Dehydration happens when you're vomiting or have diarrhea or if you don't drink enough fluid throughout the day. When you're dehydrated, your body loses more fluid than you put in. It also contributes to a dry mouth.

Signs and symptoms of a problem

The classic sign of a dry mouth is a dusty, parched feeling inside of your mouth. You may have little to no saliva, causing extreme dryness. Other signs and symptoms of this condition may include:

When you have a dry mouth, you may also notice a lot of mouth sores and cracked dry lips. This is also related to the low amount of saliva within your mouth.

Luckily, there are ways that you can get your dry mouth symptoms under control.

How is dry mouth treated?

When you have chronic dry mouth, you're at risk for tooth decay and oral problems. Our team helps you figure out what's causing your dry mouth, so you can prevent any further issues.

One of the best ways to avoid issues from dry mouth is to practice good oral hygiene. You should try to brush your teeth at least twice per day. Flossing is also vital to a healthy mouth and teeth.

You can take other steps to reduce your dry mouth symptoms as well, including:

Our team may also recommend taking over-the-counter saliva substitutes to help ease dry mouth symptoms. They may also prescribe medications to treat your dry mouth symptoms.

You should also schedule regular dental checkups, especially when you suffer from dry mouth. These checkups allow our team to check your mouth and teeth for decay and other issues so you get timely treatment.

Don't continue suffering from dry mouth symptoms —  call the Loudoun Family and Cosmetic Dentistry team at 703-952-7332 today. You may also book a consultation on the website.

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